Burma was separated from India and directly administered by the British Crown from until its independence in The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf and the states under the Persian Gulf Residency were theoretically princely states as well as presidencies and provinces of British India until and used the rupee as their unit of currency. Ceylon was part of Madras Presidency between and
Arrival of European traders Indian trade links with Europe started in through sea route only after the arrival of Vasco da Gama in Calicut, India on May 20, The Portuguese had traded in Goa as early asand later founded three other colonies on the west coast in Diu, Bassein, and Mangalore.
At first they were little interested in India, but rather, like the Portuguese and Dutch before them, with the Spice Islands. But the English were unable to dislodge the Dutch from Spice Islands.
Inthe British chased away a Portuguese naval squadron, and the East India Company created its own outpost at Surat. This small outpost marked the beginning of a remarkable presence that would last over years and eventually dominate the entire subcontinent.
In British established a trading post in Gujarat. As a result of English disappointments with dislodging the Dutch from the Spice Islands, they turned instead to India.
Sir Thomas was to arrange a commercial treaty and to secure for the East India Company sites for commercial agencies, -"factories" as they were called. Sir Thomas was successful in getting permission from Jahangir for setting up factories. In East India Company established an outpost at Madras. In the company obtained Bombay from Charles II and converted it to a flourishing center of trade by English settlements rose in Orissa and Bengal.
Inin the Mahanadi delta of Hariharpur at Balasore in Orissa, factories were set up. In Gabriel Boughton an employee of the Company obtained a license for trade in Bengal.
An English factory was set up in at Hugli. In Job Charnock established a factory. In the factory was fortified and called Fort William.
The villages of Sutanati, Kalikata and Gobindpore were developed into a single area called Calcutta. Calcutta became a trading center for East India Company.
Through a combination of outright combat and deft alliances with local princes, the East India Company gained control of all European trade in India by In the French established themselves at Pondicherry and stage was set for a rivalry between the British and French for control of Indian trade.Masks of Conquest: Literary Study and British Rule in India (Social Foundations of Aesthetic Forms) 1St Edition Edition.
Mar 03, · In , British Crown rule was established in India, ending a century of control by the East India Company.
The life and death struggle that preceded this formalisation of British . The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the nationwidesecretarial.comtively, they were called British nationwidesecretarial.com one form or another, they existed between and , conventionally divided into three historical periods.
Source: Davis, Destruction of agriculture: Karl Marx wrote in Consequences of British Rule in India, “England has broken down the entire framework of Indian society, without any symptoms of reconstitution yet appearing. Indian trade links with Europe started in through sea route only after the arrival of Vasco da Gama in Calicut, India on May 20, The Portuguese had traded in Goa as early as , and later founded three other colonies on the west coast in Diu, Bassein, and Mangalore.
The Netherlands had been part of the Spanish Empire for many years due to various dynastic and political marriages. Indeed Portugal itself joined with Spain for a similar reason in the Sixteenth Century.