The greek war of independence

After that, the Ottoman Empire ruled the Balkans and Anatolia, with some exceptions. The Greek Revolution was not an isolated event; numerous failed attempts at regaining independence took place throughout the history of the Ottoman era. Throughout the 17th century there was great resistance to the Ottomans in the Morea and elsewhere, as evidenced by revolts led by Dionysius the Philosopher. After the crushing of the uprising, Muslim Albanians ravaged many regions in mainland Greece.

The greek war of independence

Kemal had achieved fame during World War I with his epic defense of Gallipoli against the British, telling his men at one point, "I am not asking you to fight; I am asking you to die.

Nevertheless, it is undoubtedly the strongest state in the region, to the chagrin of neighboring Arabs and Christians and Kurds alike. Long a member of NATO, Turkey looks forward to membership in the European Community, but still has little embarrassments like the common use of torture by police.

The application of Turkey to the European Union has been deferred, but will be considered in a couple of years. The Islamic threat would seem to justify the reluctance of the European Union to expedite the admission of Turkey, an attitude that some Turks regard as simple racism.

However, the defeat of the Islamic forces in Turkey should remove some European reservations. There is no doubt, however, that any moves toward Islamicization could provoke even a violent response from the secular population and the Army.

The basis of this is the religious basis and program of the Party. At this point there are also other, equally troubling, complaints about the behavior of the government. If the Court abolishes the party, which seems quite possible, it would forestall a coup by the Army but could also precipitate violence by supporters, who won This is certainly the modern dilemma in Islamic countries, where democracy itself threatens the state with the forces of religious reaction.

Six out of eleven judges favored banning the Party, but seven votes were required.

Modern Greek History

There was relief in many circles that a crisis had been avoided and that a democratic election had not been overturned, but the conflict over the place of Islam in Turkey will continue.

The judges may live to regret their decision. Getting intothe government has been using the police, much as Hitler did after assuming power, to suppress dissent, harass opposition, and even to arrest secularists in the judiciary and military.

The Islamist and fascist program of Mr.

War of Greek Independence | nationwidesecretarial.com

Erdo an, thus began to emerge. A document was forged that was purported to be Army plans for a coup. Hopefully, the Army will need no such plan, unless, like the German military, they let their chance slip by or, worse, collaborate with the goals of the government.

Western observers are hoping that the AK Party will simply lose the next election; but by then, the election may be rigged as in in Iranor Turkish opinion may not be aroused enough about what is going on.

On 31 MayIsraeli forces prevented a flottila of ships from breaching an Israeli blockade of Gaza and delivering goods to the forces of Hamas.

Keep Exploring Britannica

They at first tried boarding the ships peacefully, but the crews of the ships began to beat the unarmed Israeli soldiers and throw them overboard. The Israelis then boarded in force, killing a number of those resisting. Since the ships were supposedly delivering humanitarian aid and food to Gaza, there was a great deal of international huffing and puffing and posturing about this action.

However, Israel allows humanitarian aid and food into Gaza, if properly inspected; and the purpose of the flottila was clearly to break the blockade so that arms could then be run in to the forces of Hamas.

The experience of the past, since the Israeli withdrawal from Gaza, is that Hamas begins using weapons against Israel as soon as it can get them, despite the military senselessness of such attacks.

Hamas forces, hiding, as Terrorists do, among civilians, and attacking, as Terrorists do, Israeli civilians, use Israeli retaliation to claim that Israel is attacking civilians, like Terrorists! This is usually good enough for those ready to credit anti-Israeli propaganda in the first place.

The most shocking thing about the flotilla event, however, was the support of the project, not just by Iran, which was to be expected, but by Turkey. Slowly but steadily, Erdo an has managed to place supporters in the courts, the police, the schools, and, apparently, even in the army.

Although Erdo an himself pursued membership in the European Union, Turkey has now turned its diplomacy towards Iran and other radical regimes.

The doubts about EU membership for Turkey, which had delayed its acceptance, now must become a certainty that Turkey is no longer interested in continuing its development as a European nation.The occupation of Constantinople by the Allies after World War I is a remarkable chapter in its own right.

Although all Axis capitals would be occupied after World War II, Constantinople was the only one to have this happen after World War I. Turkish War of Independence. During the summer and fall of , with authorization from the Supreme Allied War Council, the Greeks occupied Adrianople (), Bursa, and Smyrna (), where a landing was effected under cover of an Allied flotilla that included United States nationwidesecretarial.com Turkish opposition was offered, and the Greeks had soon .

The Greek War of Independence (–), also commonly known as the Greek Revolution, was a successful war by the Greeks who won independence for Greece from the Ottoman Empire. Muhammad Ali Pasha sent his son Ismail with a navy to help fight the nationwidesecretarial.comon: The Balkans (mainly Greece) and the Aegean Sea.

- About the Greek flag: "Freedom or Death" (Eleftheria i Thanatos) was the motto during the Greek Revolution against the Ottoman Empire.

The greek war of independence

It is believed that the nine lines of the flag reflects the number of syllables in the greek phrase "Eleftheria i Thanatos" = Freedom or Death.

War of Greek Independence, (–32), rebellion of Greeks within the Ottoman Empire, a struggle which resulted in the establishment of an independent kingdom of Greece. The Turks and Egyptians ravaged several Greek islands during the Greek Revolution, including those of Samothrace (), Chios (), Kos, Rhodes, Kasos and Psara ().

Turkish War of Independence - Wikipedia